Grenades Kill at Church in Pakistan

August 9, 2002 

By Munir Ahmad

TAXILA, Pakistan (AP) - Assailants hurled grenades at worshippers 
leaving church Friday, killing three Pakistani women and reinforcing 
fears that Islamic militants are targeting Christians and Westerners 
in Pakistan in retaliation for the government's support for the U.S.-led 
war on terrorism.

Investigators said they suspected the attackers were from the same cell of
militants behind an assault Monday at a school for children of Christian
missionaries in Murree, outside the capital.

Pakistan has been rocked by terrorist attacks since President Pervez Musharraf
abandoned his Afghan Taliban allies and joined the U.S.-led anti-terror
campaign after Sept. 11.

"We have drawn the conclusion that a group of between 15 to 20 terrorists is
actively trying to kill Christians and Westerners to express their anger
against Pakistan's support for the United States in the war against terrorism,"
chief police inspector Raja Mumtaz Ahmad said. He said the group was believed
to have divided into four teams to stage attacks in northern Pakistan. He said
security had been stepped up at Christian churches throughout the country.
Christians make up less than 2 percent of Pakistan's 145 million people, almost
all the rest of whom are Muslim.

"It looks to be the same chain of terrorists," said S.K. Tressler, the
government minister in charge of minority affairs. "It is clear that terrorists
are targeting the Christian community in Pakistan."

In Friday's attack, three men, one of them brandishing a pistol, ran through
the front gate of a Presbyterian-supported hospital in Taxila, 25 miles west of
Islamabad. They locked two watchmen in a guard booth and then hurled grenades
at women leaving the church on the hospital grounds.

Three Pakistani nurses were killed, and at least 25 other people were wounded,
half of them seriously. One attacker died when shrapnel from an exploding
grenade entered his back and pierced his heart, police said. The others
escaped.

The attack took place four days after several gunmen raided the Murree
Christian School about 40 miles east of the capital, killing six Pakistanis
including guards and non-teaching staff. None of the students, who come from 20
countries, was injured.

On the following day, three men blew themselves up to avoid arrest after police
stopped them in Pakistani-controlled Kashmir, police said. Police said the
three had boasted of taking part in the Murree raid and claimed other groups
would soon carry out similar attacks against "Americans and nonbelievers."

Regional police commander Moravet Shah said the attacker who was killed in
Taxila was wearing Western athletic clothing similar to that worn by the school
attackers.

Most attacks against Westerners or Western interests have been centered in the
southern city of Karachi. Wall Street Journal correspondent Daniel Pearl was
kidnapped there in January and later murdered.

On May 8, a bomb exploded in front of a Karachi hotel, killing 11 French
engineers and three others, including the suicide bomber. Another explosion
killed 12 Pakistanis outside the U.S. Consulate in Karachi on June 14.

The Taxila hospital is supported by the Presbyterian Church USA and the
Presbyterian Church of Pakistan. It was founded in 1922 and treats mostly poor
Muslims, specializing in eye diseases. Following the attack, outpatient
services were suspended for the day.

"We never thought we would be a target," said Ernest Lall, former director of
the hospital. "We have been here since 1922, and someone throws a bomb. I don't
know why."

Shahbaz Bhatti, leader of the All-Pakistan Minorities Alliance, urged
authorities to increase security for the Christian minority.

"If immediate steps are not taken by authorities to provide protection to
Christians, I fear that it will lead to the start of genocide in Pakistan," he
said. "We strongly condemn this incident and we will definitely stage protests.
We will not remain silent."

Bhatti said some Christian congregations in remote areas were suspending or
rescheduling services because of the recent attacks.

Alexander John Malik, chairman of a group that represents all Christian
churches in the country, said it was "tragic and shameful" that a hospital
"serving the people of Pakistan without distinction of color and creed for the
past 150 years" had been attacked.

On March 17, a grenade attack on a Protestant church in Islamabad's heavily
guarded diplomatic quarter killed five people, including an American woman, her
17-year-old daughter and the lone assailant. In October, 16 people were killed
in an attack on a Christian church in Behawalpur in south-central Pakistan.

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